Group manager

Oliinyk Anna

Lead expert

Rozkladai Ihor
igor@medialaw.kiev.ua

Civil Society Organisations:

  • Centre for Research on the Liberation Movement
ISSUES TO BE RESOLVED BY THE REFORM

One of the most important reforms in the humanitarian sector in Central and Eastern European countries that have been through totalitarian past was designed to build public immunity against human rights violations. This is the reason for implementing the national memory policy. Totalitarian regimes destroy national identity, distort the structure of society, suppress the individuality, and undermine human rights; hence, overcoming the consequences of totalitarianism is one of the key tasks of the democratic transformation. Therefore, the realisation of Ukraine’s European perspectives involves a set of measures to prevent attempts to bring back totalitarian practices.
First of all, it is important to restore the rights of all victims of the totalitarian communist regime.
Another important goal is to preserve the memory of the totalitarianism itself, its practices, as well as the liberation movement that fought against it, including the contemporary experience of fighting for one’s rights (Maidans).
It is necessary to implement de-communization of commemorative practices, to re-introduce in the public historical narrative the names and events that were censored, distorted or classified as secret by the communist propaganda, as well as to honour fighters for Ukraine’s independence. So far, there is no single established approach to determining the annual calendar of public events and key dates, therefore, the formation of a coherent national memory policy calls for the legislative settlement of an official holiday calendar.
Another important area is the language policy. The first stage of reform should involve the implementation of detailed analysis to identify key challenges and problems.
The success of de-communisation and democratization of power structures and their further development based on European principles requires the timely enforcement of the Law of Ukraine “On Access to the Archives of the Repressive Bodies of the Totalitarian Communist Regime of 1917–1991”; in particular, with regard to generating the Archive of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory and moving there the archives of the institutions of power devoid of archival functions.
The general Ukrainian legislation on archives and archive- keeping needs to be updated, taking into account the key principles of open access to retrospective information.

GOAL І. FREE ACCESS TO ARCHIVES, INCLUDING DOCUMENTS
OF THE SOVIET REPRESSIVE BODIES OF 1917–1991
  1. Create the Archive of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory and provide for its work.

Decision-making authority: Cabinet of Ministers, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

  1. Transfer documents of the repressive bodies to the Archive of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

Decision-making authority: Cabinet of Ministers, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

  1. Update the general archival legislation in accordance with the innovations of the Law "On Public Access to the Archives of the Repressive Bodies of the Soviet Union".

Decision-making authority: Verkhovna Rada, Cabinet of Ministers, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

GOAL ІІ. PRESERVATION OF MEMORY OF THE STRUGGLE AGAINST TOTALITARIANISM AND ITS REPRESSIVE METHODS
  1. Create the Maidan Museum (Museum of Freedom) and provide for its work.

Decision-making authority: Cabinet of Ministers, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

  1. Ensure the preservation of the memory of totalitarian repressive practices by creating appropriate totalitarianism museums (museums of occupation).

Decision-making authority: Cabinet of Ministers, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

GOAL ІІІ. RESTORED RIGHTS OF COMMUNIST REPRESSION VICTIMS
  1. Update the legislation on rehabilitation of victims of political repression.

Decision-making authority: Verkhovna Rada, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

  1. Form commissions on rehabilitation at the local level and provide for their work.

Decision-making authority: Cabinet of Ministers, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

GOAL IV. COHERENT NATIONAL POLICY CONCERNING OFFICIAL HOLIDAYS
  1. Resolve the issue of official holidays at the level of legislation.

Decision-making authority: Verkhovna Rada, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

GOAL V. LAUNCH OF THE LANGUAGE POLICY REFORM
  1. Conduct a comprehensive study of the key challenges and problems of the national language policy.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Group experts

  • Birchak Volodymyr
  • Holovenko Roman
  • Huzii Dmytro
  • Isaiuk Olesia
  • Ivanushchenko Hennadii
  • Kohut Andriy
  • Kosov Oleksii
  • Kulyk Ihor
  • Matviichuk Oleksandra
  • Novokhatskyi Kostiantyn
  • Oliinyk Anna
  • Papakin Heorhii
  • Podobed Pavlo
  • Riabenko Serhii
  • Rozkladai Ihor
  • Salo Olha
  • Shamaida Taras
  • Sheremeta Sviatoslav
  • Shpak Alina
  • Stasiuk Olesia
  • Viatrovych Volodymyr
  • Yasynevych Yaryna
  • Zabilyi Ruslan
  • Zinchenko Oleksandr
  • Boriak Hennadii
  • Podkur Roman
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